based his story on the true experience of shipwrecked Scottish sailor, Alexander Selkirk, on the island known as Juan Fernandez off the coast of Chile. Reprinted for young readers in abridged form, an American edition, Robinson Crusoe was published in Newburyport in 1856.
On the way to Hawaii in 1868, the Roman stopped at Juan Fernandez Island. Although the Jernegan children were too young to appreciate the story then, it no doubt caught their attention later. The island was first named after Juan Fernandez, a Spanish explorer who landed there in 1574. The Chilean government re–named it Robinson Crusoe Island in 1966.
The popularity of Defoe's novel as a book for children lead to repeated attempts to correct what it would teach its readers. Joachim Heinrich Campe (1746-1818), a German educationist wrote The New Robinson Crusoe to bring Defoe into line with the educational ideas ofJean Jacques Rousseau. Johann David Wyss (1743-1818), a Swiss pastor added religious peity to the Rousseauian influence in his version called Swiss Family Robinson. First edited and translated for English readers by William and Mary Godwin in 1814, it has been much added to and re–written over the years.
Unique South American Travel